Generally, EU citizens can freely enter and reside in Italy, where they can carry out subordinate work, as they are treated in the same way as Italian workers from a labour and social security perspective.
However, EU workers must meet certain conditions, depending on the duration of their stay:
A non-EU worker residing abroad may enter Italy regularly to carry out their work. An employer may hire a non-EU worker, only once the following steps have been completed:
An employer who intends to establish a fixed-term or open-ended employment relationship with a non-EU worker residing abroad, must:
If the employer does not have direct knowledge of the non-EU worker, they must request the authorisation for one or more persons registered on special lists under bilateral agreements or understandings with non-EU countries.
The request for the authorisation must be submitted electronically, by filling out the application online directly on the website of the Ministry of the Interior.
The authorisation can be refused and, if already issued, revoked in the following cases:
For certain categories of non-EU workers, entry into Italy and residence in our country takes place regardless of whether the annual quotas for admission are met. These are workers who carry out special work, employed under a fixed-term contract, and highly qualified workers subject to a simplified alternative procedure.